Since the overthrow of the Western-centric Islamist government in 2013, Egypt has moved to work more closely with Russia on defense. At that time, the Egyptian Air Force had about 200 U.S. F-16C fighter jets. But Cairo purchased Russian MiG-29M, although at that time they did not have any fundamentally new capabilities compared to American combat vehicles.
Military Watch experts were versed in the reasons for the Egyptians’ purchase of Russian MiG-29M.
Since the mid-1970s, when Egypt ended its defense partnership with the Soviet Union and turned toward NATO, the country has nevertheless been denied access to modern fighter jets such as the F-15 Eagle and F-14 Tomcat. The “privileged” partners of the United States, such as Japan, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Israel, on the contrary, received these combat aircraft, which put Egypt at a distinct disadvantage to its neighbors. Over time, Cairo managed to acquire F-16 fighter jets, but the Americans severely reduced the supply of ammunition to them. Therefore, Egypt decided to buy Russian MiG-29M.