In the ongoing Russia-Ukraine war, why do the Russian Armed forces have to use both types of surface-to-ship and ship-to-ship missiles to attack ground targets?
Recently, the Russian Army showed a video of the launch of four K-300P Bastion anti-ship missiles at targets in Ukraine. This is the second Russian anti-ship missile, used by the Russian Army to attack military facilities on the ground of Ukraine.
In general, surface-to-ship missiles are mainly used against sea targets and are rarely used for ground attacks. So, are Russia’s land-attack missiles too expensive or have they run out of surface target missiles, and forced to use anti-ship missiles to attack the mainland?
The Kh-35 and Bastion-P surface-to-ship missile systems are mainly used to attack ships. These are currently two main types of anti-ship weapons on the shore of Russia today, with the task of complementing and supporting each other in a near-far fashion.
Kh-35is a subsonic surface-to-ship missile developed by Russia in the late 1990s. A Kh-35/Kh-35U Uran system consists of four Maz 7930 launchers and four loader vehicles. , 2 command and control vehicles, 1 communication vehicle, and support radar equipment.
One launcher can carry eight Kh-35/Kh-35U Uran anti-ship missiles, and a system with four launchers can launch 32 missiles within tens of seconds to carry out “saturation” attacks into the enemy’s surface ship.