The Almaz-Antey Concern S-300V4 is an advanced mobile air defense missile system derived from the S-300V3 incorporating technologies from the S-300VM, Western designation SA-23 Gladiator.
The first missile system was handed over to the Russian Army during 2011 and the first brigade became fully operational in December 2014. Specifications and other key aspects of the S-300V4 modernized air defense system remain classified but features expanded anti-aircraft, anti-cruise and anti-ballistic missile capabilities. The new system was designed between 2012 and 2014.
It includes new, more advance computational components, which have expanded its range by 100 km (to 400 km), as well as its anti-missile defensive umbrella’s effectiveness. The modernized is 1.5-2.3 times more effective in its anti-missile defense capabilities. Actually, it is optimized for interception of cruise missiles with the ability to engage up to 24 aerial targets simultaneously or 16 ballistic targets in various combinations.
The S-300V4 is capable of shooting down medium-range ballistic missiles (MRBM) with a maximum range of 2,500 kilometres. The Russian Armed Forces plan call for the upgrade of nine S-300V3 brigades to the S-300V4 standard by 2020.
THE MIM-104 PATRIOT MISSILE IS A MEDIUM-RANGE SURFACE-TO-AIR SYSTEM MANUFACTURED BY RAYTHEON AND A MEDIUM-ALTITUDE ANTI-AIRCRAFT WEAPON. The Patriot Missile System successfully intercepted Scud missiles fired by Iraqi forces during the Gulf War, the first time in history that a ballistic missile has been successfully intercepted in combat. The MIM-104 Patriot missile protects large administrative, industrial centres, naval and air bases from electronic interference. The system can simultaneously detect and identify more than 100 air targets, track eight of them in a row, and prepare initial missile data to strike them up to three.
The system began in 1963 to replace the previous generation of air defence systems in the United States. The U.S. military conducted rocket flight tests in February 1970 and January 1974, the first missile system to receive commands from ground radar, and was used by the U.S. Army in 1982.
THE MIM-104 PATRIOT MISSILE HAS A HIGH OPERATIONAL CAPABILITY, AND AFTER MANY UPGRADES, THE PATRIOT MISSILE HAS BECOME AN IMPORTANT COMPONENT OF THE U.S. THEATER MISSILE DEFENSE SYSTEM RESPONSIBLE FOR THE END OF THE LOW- AND MIDDLE-LEVEL ANTI-MISSILE, WHICH IS EXPECTED TO BE EQUIPPED WITH THE ARMED FORCES OF OTHER NATO COUNTRIES.
3.SAMP/T Air Defense System (France)
In 1983, the French Aerospace Corporation and Thomson Radio jointly carried out the pre-development work of the new surface-to-air missile, in early 1986, the French Ministry of Defence formally developed the development plan, and in 1987 was approved by the Government. In 1989, Thecelona of Italy formed Eurosam Group, a group of two companies, to jointly develop the Ground Air Borne System (SAMP/T).
The SAMP-T can be used for mechanized and marching air defences, as well as for large-scale attacks from a variety of air targets, including tactical missiles and aircraft. It can operate in a variety of weather conditions, even when the enemy uses a variety of high-intensity interferences.
The SAMP-T system is an important member of the forward-to-surface-to-air missile system family (FSAF). In addition to the SAMP-T SAM system, the various configurations of the Navy SAM system are also used to equip French and Italian naval vessels. The complex SAMP-T flight test was completed in 2005 and passed in 2006.
2.”The Wand” Defense System (Israel)
The David Sling system, also known as the Wand, is an IDF mission system developed by Israeli defence contractor Raphael Advanced Defense Systems and U.S. defence contractor Raytheon to intercept enemy aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles, tactical ballistic missiles, medium- and long-range missiles and cruise missiles with a range of 40 to 300 kilometres. The wand system was introduced to replace the MIM-23 Hawk and MIM-104 Patriot missile anti-missile systems in Israel’s arsenal.
The system is designed to intercept the latest generation of low-altitude tactical ballistic missiles, such as Russia’s 9K720 Iskander (9K720 Iskander) and China’s Dongfeng-15 short-range ballistic missile (DF-15), which can be tracked via Israel’s Elta EL/M-2084 multi-mission radar and electronically automatically scan multi-mode array radars. The wand system went into operation in April 2017.
The David Sling defence system could strengthen the second tier of Israel’s theatre missile defence system. The name David Sling comes from the biblical story of David and Goliath, in which the Israeli David Fights with wisdom and succeeds in defeating the intruder Goliath Goliath. The wand defence system has raised a level in Israel’s future multi-layered missile defence system, which complements Israel’s Iron Dome system.
1.S-400 defence system (Russia)
The S-400 is a third-generation surface-to-air missile system of the Russian Land Defense Force, which is used to combat dense multi-target airstrikes across the airspace from ultra-low to high altitude, close to ultra-long-range. The missile is developed as one of the S-300 family, using four specialized missiles corresponding to air defence needs, including ultra-long-range 40N6 (400 km), long-range 48N6E3 (250 km), medium-range 9M96E2 (120 km), short-range 9M96E (40 km), forming a multi-level air defence barrier. It would be more appropriate to call it a “missile combination system”.
The S-400 missile system is the best performing long-range interceptor/anti-aircraft missile for atmospheric flight targets (the best-in-service interceptor missile for extra-atmosphere targets is the Us Sea-based Standard-3 missile). The S-400 can be designed for enemy-specific countermeasures and stealth capabilities and is equipped with more powerful radar capabilities to enhance anti-jamming capabilities. The S-400 system can also take directly ingots from the existing S-300 series and incorporate the combination of integration, which is easy to import for countries that have adopted Russian anti-aircraft missiles.
The system can cover up to eight divisions, control 72 launchers and launch 384 missiles (including those with a range of less than 250 km). Before the rocket engine ignites, a gas system is used to launch a missile from the launch tube into the air, which can fire 30 metres into the air.
In 2016, The Russian Anti-aircraft Missile Force received new guided missiles for the S-300 and S-400 air defence systems, which can be used to destroy aircraft, cruise missiles and ballistic missiles, as well as to strike ground targets. The S-400’s low-altitude path can intercept cruise missiles within about 40 km.
The system is equipped with 96L6Y radar and equipment that can operate separately and prevent false alarms or confusion in mountainous areas. The system can all-directionally detect all types of aircraft, including less observable aircraft, but cannot be used for ballistic missiles. The 96L6-1 of the S-400 and S-500 has a maximum altitude of 100 km for all-round detection targets and is highly capable of detecting cruise missiles.