indian airforce Rafale fighter
Rafale fighters like the S-400, are dubbed the game-changer for India, against two “older” rivals, China and Pakistan.
The S-400 air defense system, considered one of the most advanced air defense systems in the world today, was ordered by India through a $5.43 billion agreement with Russia, at the Conference. The 19th annual India-Russia bilateral summit in 2018 in New Delhi, to ensure the long-term security needs of the country.
On the other hand, the deal to buy Rafale fighters has created a controversy in India, with the Government cutting too much on the initial order, in the medium fighter aircraft procurement program (MMRCA). in 2016; from 126 units, down to only 36 units.
Why is India reducing the number of fighters by 71% under the MMRCA program; The reason is that each Rafale has an exorbitant price of 241 million USD / unit, so India cannot “have enough fund” to buy enough aircraft as planned.
Recent comparisons are often drawn between the Rafale fighter jet and the S-400 missile defense system, which type of weapon could be a game-changer for India, especially in a potential conflict with Pakistan and China.
Nitin J Ticku, a strategic analyst at the EurAsian Times, expects the Russian-made S-400 missile to be the first choice as India’s savior, with more than 36 Rafale aircraft currently in service. put on, staff.
With a detection range of up to 600 km, the S-400 will know when an aircraft or missile is flying over Pakistani airspace. With high mobility, the S-400 can be ready in minutes, to conduct an interception.
All of the S-400’s radars, missiles and launchers are mounted on specialized 8×8 off-road trucks, making them difficult to track and destroy. At the same time, it has high mobility, can arrange battlefields on many different terrains of India.
S-400 missile defence system
Equipped with the S-400’s 92N6E active electronically scanned array radar, also known as “Grave Stone”, can detect 300 targets more than 600 km away and simultaneously fire for 4 different types of missiles. on target, based on threat and range.
An S-400 battery consists of a long-range radar, a command vehicle, a target acquisition radar and two battalions of launchers, each with four launchers; The replacement of the rocket after launch is very quick, due to the launch tube cum storage box for the rocket.
The deal between India and Russia, worth about $5.4 billion, includes the delivery of five S-400 regiments, with each full-scale regiment consisting of four battalions. Each battalion is equipped with 9 launchers and 120 missiles.
The S-400 missile system uses a variety of missiles; The first missile introduced was the 48N6DM (48N6E3), an upgraded version of the 48N6M with a powerful propulsion system, capable of hitting targets within a range of 250 km. It also uses missiles of the previous S-300PMU system, which is currently in service with the Indian Army.
The longest range missile of the S-400 system is the 40N6, with a range of up to 400km. The missile uses active radar guidance, which can intercept air targets at very long distances; target mainly support jammers such as J-STARS, AWACS, EA-6B; even enemy aerial refueling planes.
With 9M96E and 9M96E2 medium-range surface-to-air missiles, the S-400 can shoot air targets with high accuracy at a maximum range of 120 km. The use of many types of missiles helps the S-400 cover the entire range of air defenses, but saves costs. Image source: Pinterest.