More than 20 years ago, Ukraine sold a huge batch of missiles to Russia, and now the Russian Army uses them to attack the capital Kyiv and military targets on Ukrainian territory.
As for Ukraine, in the face of recent Russian long-range attacks, it has almost no power to confront. However, Ukraine’s propaganda system believes that Russia has run out of modern weapons and now Russia has to use Soviet-era Kh-22 anti-ship missiles, which have been in service with the Soviet Army since the 1960s.
Ukrainian media said that, because Russia is currently extremely short of modern precision-guided missiles, they must have taken this long-retired missile from storage for use. Ukrainian media also accused the missile of using old Russian technology Kh-22, exploding far from the target, causing damage to civilians.
But not so long ago, Russia’s Kh-22 long-range anti-ship missiles hit Ukrainian land targets, and in fact, before the Russian anti-ship missile attack, the air defense forces Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine, failed to intercept five Kh-22 missiles.
So is Russia’s use of Kh-22 really due to their exhausted missile arsenal? In fact, the Kh-22, which was a heavy anti-ship missile developed by the Soviet Union during the last century’s Cold War, was originally designed to arm Tu-22 bombers to attack strike groups. US Navy aircraft carrier.
At that time, the maximum range of the Kh-22 missile was 600 km, using a liquid fuel engine, the maximum speed of the final dive could reach 4.6 Mach, and the warhead weighed 1 tons, enough to create a hole 5 meters in diameter and 12 meters deep in the ground.
With the aim of destroying aircraft carriers, the Kh-22 can sink warships with a tonnage of tens of thousands of tons, with just one hit. In response to threats from the United States and NATO, the Soviet Union produced at least 1,000 Kh-22 missiles, and most of them were deployed in Ukraine, along with Tu-22 strategic bombers.
After Ukraine turned its back on the West, it voluntarily got rid of 423 Kh-22 missiles, including the delivery of 386 missiles to be deducted from the debt in 2000, to repay the historic debt to Russia. . As a result, Russia additionally get 400 Kh-22 missiles on hand.
As for most of Russia’s remaining Kh-22 missiles, it was decommissioned because it was no longer serviceable after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, and only a few were kept. But even though lots of missiles delivered by Ukraine were eliminated, but still many missiles upgrade by Russia and kept in storage for use.
A few years after Russia received the Kh-22 missile handed over by Ukraine, the country’s national power increased significantly, thanks to energy exports, and then Russia introduced an improved version of the Kh-22 missile which is the Kh-32 missile, with better performance.
Kh-32 missiles use the hull of the Kh-22, but reduce the warhead to 500 kg and replace the new engine, so the maximum range is increased to about 1,000 km. In order to improve the jamming vulnerability of the Kh-22 missile, the Kh-32 missile has been replaced with a new inertial guidance system, capable of correcting radio commands and terrain tracking.